$20 in 1974 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $112.21 today, an increase of $92.21 over 47 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 3.74% per year between 1974 and today, producing a cumulative price increase of 461.03%.

This means that today's prices are 5.61 times higher than average prices since 1974, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index. A dollar today only buys 17.82% of what it could buy back then.

The 1974 inflation rate was 11.04%. The current year-over-year inflation rate (2020 to 2021) is now 6.22%^{1}.
If this number holds, $20 today will be equivalent in buying power to $21.24 next year.
The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest inflation rates.

Contents

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Cumulative price change | 461.03% |

Average inflation rate | 3.74% |

Converted amount ($20 base) | $112.21 |

Price difference ($20 base) | $92.21 |

CPI in 1974 | 49.300 |

CPI in 2021 | 276.589 |

Inflation in 1974 | 11.04% |

Inflation in 2021 | 6.22% |

$20 in 1974 | $112.21 in 2021 |

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $20 in 1974 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $20, you would need to end with $112.21 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $20 is equivalent to $112.21 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1974 dollars, the chart below shows how $20 is worth less over 47 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

This conversion table shows various other 1974 amounts in today's dollars, based on the 461.03% change in prices:

Initial value | Equivalent value |
---|---|

$1 dollar in 1974 | $5.61 dollars today |

$5 dollars in 1974 | $28.05 dollars today |

$10 dollars in 1974 | $56.10 dollars today |

$50 dollars in 1974 | $280.52 dollars today |

$100 dollars in 1974 | $561.03 dollars today |

$500 dollars in 1974 | $2,805.16 dollars today |

$1,000 dollars in 1974 | $5,610.32 dollars today |

$5,000 dollars in 1974 | $28,051.62 dollars today |

$10,000 dollars in 1974 | $56,103.25 dollars today |

$50,000 dollars in 1974 | $280,516.23 dollars today |

$100,000 dollars in 1974 | $561,032.45 dollars today |

$500,000 dollars in 1974 | $2,805,162.27 dollars today |

$1,000,000 dollars in 1974 | $5,610,324.54 dollars today |

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1974 to 2021 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $20):

**San Francisco, California**: 4.11% average rate, $20 → $132.60, cumulative change of 563.00%**Seattle, Washington**: 4.02% average rate, $20 → $127.66, cumulative change of 538.32%**Boston, Massachusetts**: 3.79% average rate, $20 → $114.73, cumulative change of 473.67%**New York**: 3.67% average rate, $20 → $108.82, cumulative change of 444.11%**Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas**: 3.66% average rate, $20 → $108.58, cumulative change of 442.88%**Atlanta, Georgia**: 3.62% average rate, $20 → $106.16, cumulative change of 430.79%**Houston, Texas**: 3.57% average rate, $20 → $104.20, cumulative change of 421.01%**Chicago, Illinois**: 3.56% average rate, $20 → $103.52, cumulative change of 417.62%**Philadelphia, Pennsylvania**: 3.53% average rate, $20 → $101.96, cumulative change of 409.80%**Detroit, Michigan**: 3.44% average rate, $20 → $98.16, cumulative change of 390.78%

San Francisco, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 47 years between 1974 and 2021 (4.11%).

Detroit, Michigan experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 47 years between 1974 and 2021 (3.44%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £20.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to £218.91 in 2021, an absolute change of £198.91 and a cumulative change of 994.56%.

In Canada, CA$20.00 in 1974 would be equivalent to CA$99.57 in 2021, an absolute change of CA$79.57 and a cumulative change of 397.83%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $92.21 and total percent change of 461.03%.

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1974 and 2021.

Compare these values to the overall average of 3.74% per year:

Category | Avg Inflation (%) | Total Inflation (%) | $20 in 1974 → 2021 |
---|---|---|---|

Food and beverages | 3.46 | 395.57 | 99.11 |

Housing | 3.92 | 509.91 | 121.98 |

Apparel | 1.19 | 74.05 | 34.81 |

Transportation | 3.47 | 396.91 | 99.38 |

Medical care | 5.50 | 1,137.79 | 247.56 |

Recreation | 1.14 | 70.47 | 34.09 |

Education and communication | 1.84 | 135.12 | 47.02 |

Other goods and services | 4.92 | 854.16 | 190.83 |

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1974. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1974 and today:

CPI today
CPI in 1974

×

1974 USD value

=

Today's value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 49.3 in the year 1974 and 276.589 in 2021:

276.58949.3

×

$20

=

$20 in 1974 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $112.21 in 2021.

To get the total inflation rate for the 47 years between 1974 and 2021, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2021 - CPI in 1974CPI in 1974

×

100

=

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

276.589 - 49.349.3

×

100

=

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the **Core CPI**, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy.
Core inflation averaged 3.73% per year between 1974 and 2021 (vs all-CPI inflation of 3.74%), for an inflation total of 459.39%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $20 in 1974 is equivalent in buying power to $111.88 in 2021, a difference of $91.88. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $112.21 with a difference of $92.21.

In 1974, core inflation was 8.25%.

The average inflation rate of 3.74% has a compounding effect between 1974 and 2021. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 461.03% over 47 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $20 in the S&P 500 index in 1974, our investment would be * nominally* worth approximately $3,532.33 in 2021. This is a return on investment of 17,561.67%, with an absolute return of $3,512.33 on top of the original $20.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered *nominal*. In order to evaluate the *real* return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 82.18% of returns ($2,902.72) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted * real* return of our $20 investment is $609.61. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $518 for most people.

Original Amount | Final Amount | Change | |
---|---|---|---|

Nominal |
$20 | $3,532.33 | 17,561.67% |

RealInflation Adjusted |
$20 | $629.61 | 3,048.07% |

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1974 to latest available data for 2021 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1974 and 2021, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

- Ayatollah Khomeini, appeals for an Islamic republic of Iran.
- The 1,000th victim of the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries is taken.
- President Richard Nixon announces his resignation.

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Price Index (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$20 in 1974 → 2021 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 1 Dec. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/1974-dollars-in-2021?amount=20.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Cumulative price change | 461.03% |

Average inflation rate | 3.74% |

Converted amount ($20 base) | $112.21 |

Price difference ($20 base) | $92.21 |

CPI in 1974 | 49.300 |

CPI in 2021 | 276.589 |

Inflation in 1974 | 11.04% |

Inflation in 2021 | 6.22% |

$20 in 1974 | $112.21 in 2021 |